I have two 15 year old Norway Maples. 'Columnare' is selected for its narrow upright growth. Mature bark appear 'shaggy'. Norway Maples losing bark on trunks and some branches and having some dead branches . Delivery is free. Norway maple terminal buds are large, rounded, and blunt, with only 2–3 pairs of scales; sugar maple has long, sharply pointed buds with many scales. Leaves fade to orange and occasionally red before falling in autumn. But from the perspective of providing food, only about half a dozen of the more than 120 distinct types of maples are really good for making syrup. Opposite. The bark of a Norway maple is grayish black and furrowed. Yellow or greenish-yellow flowers are approximately 8 mm in diameter and are found in clusters that are present from April to May. The flowers are in corymbs of 15–30 together, yellow to yellow-green with five sepals and five petals 3–4 mm (0–1⁄4 in) long; flowering occurs in early spring before the new leaves emerge. A lot are Norways, which have the leaves of a hard maple but grow very fast.  The sugar maple usually has a brighter orange autumn color, where the Norway maple is usually yellow, although some of the red-leaved cultivars appear more orange. Norway maple has been widely taken into cultivation in other areas, including western Europe northwest of its native range. All are upright, columnar forms 10' to 20' wide and 40' to 60' tall. Norway Maple. Palmate with five lobes with a few pointed teeth.  Norway maples are not typically cultivated for maple syrup production due to the lower sugar content of the sap compared to sugar maple.. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. Anthracnose is a common leaf disease. An introduction grown mainly for ornament, especially for its autumn colours, but widely naturalised. How to identify Norway maple. Strictly speaking, Norway Maple is its own species, not classified as either Hard Maple or Soft Maple. However it is not often grown commercially due to problems associated with grey squirrels, which strip the bark.Trees are also planted widely in towns and cities, thanks to their ornamental value and tolerance of shade and pollution. Introduced in the 17th century, the handsome Norway maple is known for its hardy timber. As the tree trunks increase in diameter, the bark matures with ridges gaining thickness and the … The leaf petiole is 8–20 cm (3 1⁄4–7 3⁄4 in) long, and secretes a milky juice when broken. It would be unlikely for a Canadian to find themselves unable to identify a maple tree, regardless of the variety. Norway maple can be distinguished from other maple species by the milky white fluid that oozes when the stem of a leaf is broken. Opposite, 5-lobed, coarsely toothed and pointed. The bark is grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white spots. It can be found in the UK as a street tree and is widely planted as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens due to its tall trunk and tolerance of compacted soils, shade and pollution. Norway maple does not require freezing temperatures for proper growth, however it is adapted to higher latitudes with long summer days and does not perform well when planted south of the 37th parallel, the approximate southern limit of its range in Europe. On mature trees, sugar maple bark is more shaggy, while Norway maple bark has small, often criss-crossing grooves. 'Crimson King' - A very popular cultivar that many consider to be overused. Generally comprised of a single central trunk with short lateral branches. Acer platanoides is a tree that usually grows to 40-60 feet in height, but can reach heights of 100 feet.The bark of the tree is grayish and regularly and shallowly grooved. Identified in winter by: individual buds that are green and red.  "Tar spots" caused by Rhytisma acerinum infection are common but largely harmless. Norway Maple is frequent in urban areas where it is planted as a street tree or invasive in vacant lots. GB520 6111 04. The tips of the points on the leaves are more rounded. On mature trees, sugar maple bark is more shaggy, while Norway maple bark has small, often criss-crossing grooves. Maple trees growing in an urban environment often weaken from urban pollution, construction around the tree and deicing salts. It is a hearty tree that can grow in small plots, making it a good tree for urban landscapes. Gray furrowed bark of older tree.  It is a member of the family Sapindaceae. The palmately lobed leaves are opposite and have 5 to 7 sharply acuminate lobes (with large but few teeth). planted in urban areas: Acer rubrum. It grows north of the Arctic Circle at Tromsø, Norway. I have two 15 year old Norway Maples. Norway maple is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to northern Europe and was introduced to the UK in the 17th century. Leaves usually dark green, turn glorious autumnal shades before the fall. While the shape and angle of leaf lobes vary somewhat within all maple species, the leaf lobes of Norway maple tend to have a more triangular shape, in contrast to the more squarish lobes often seen on sugar maples. While the shape and angle of leaf lobes vary somewhat within all maple species, the leaf lobes of Norway maple tend to have a more triangular shape, in contrast to the more squarish lobes often seen on sugar maples. Other species with ridged, furrowed bark include the hedge maple and ash-leafed maple. Over time, as reforestation occurred across the Northeast, Norway maple joined native tree species as a component of eastern forest ecosystems. Norway Maple vs Sycamore Maple. Norway maple is generally free of serious diseases, though can be attacked by the powdery mildew Uncinula bicornis, and verticillium wilt disease caused by Verticillium spp. These trees are widely planted in towns and cities. Paperbark maple trees have smooth, shiny, orange bark that peels off in strips. Leaves of Norway maples usually are broader than they are high, about four to seven inches wide, with five prominent lobes. The bark is grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white spots. "Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway maple (, "Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)", "Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple, The Wood Database", "North American Maple Syrup Producers Manual", "Testing the enemy release hypothesis: a comparison of foliar insect herbivory of the exotic Norway maple (, "Interim List of Invasive Plant Species in New York State", European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_platanoides&oldid=992224300, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 04:06. A number of moth caterpillars feed on the leaves, and the flowers provide nectar and pollen for bees and other insects. The purple-foliage cultivars have orange to red autumn colour. The petiole, the stalk of the leaf, is 3 to 8 inches (8 to 20 centimeters) long and secretes a milky juice when broken. Unlike most other maples, this one does not develop shaggy bark at maturity. Bark generally more regularly grooved than sugar maple.  Aceria pseudoplatani is an acarine mite that causes a 'felt gall', found on the underside of leaves of both sycamores (Acer pseudoplatanus) and Norway maples. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. However, Norway maple petioles secrete a Yellow or greenish-yellow flowers are approximately 8 mm in diameter and are found in clusters that are present from April to May. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. The papery bark can be in various shades of colors, including cinnamon, orange, and reddish-brown. It has become a popular species for bonsai in Europe and is used for medium to large bonsai sizes and a multitude of styles. Ectoedemia sericopeza, the Norway maple seedminer, is a moth of the family Nepticulidae. Asked May 25, 2017, 10:19 AM EDT. Most fall into zones 4 through 8, but some are less tolerant of cold or heat than others. It typically produces a large quantity of viable seeds. The bark of a Norway maple is grayish black and furrowed. These fungus are the most common maple bark diseases. Depending on the latitude, leaf drop may vary by as much as three weeks, beginning in the second week of October in Scandinavia and the first week of November in southern Europe.  Some have suggested Norway maples may also release chemicals to discourage undergrowth, although this claim is controversial. Norway maple tends to self sow and become weedy. 1982873. This has occurred for about 3 years or so.  Norway maple sits ambiguously between hard and soft maple with a Janka hardness of 1,010 lbf or 4,500 N. The wood is rated as non-durable to perishable in regard to decay resistance. Norway maple is a deciduous broadleaf tree and can grow to 25m. SC038885). Fruit (samara): note the flat seed capsule and the angle of the "wings", The larvae of a number of species of Lepidoptera feed on Norway maple foliage. Look out for: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when squeezed. Unlike many other maples, mature trees do not tend to develop a shaggy bark. There are many kinds of maple tree diseases, but the ones that people are most commonly concerned with affect the trunk and bark of maple trees. Similar in appearance to native sugar maple.  The Norway maple also suffers less herbivory than the sugar maple, allowing it to gain a competitive advantage against the latter species. Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. Phillips, D. H., & Burdekin, D. A. In North America, both are more common around urban areas, although Norway maple is more common. Opposite, 5-lobed, coarsely toothed and pointed. 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